This sermon is a revision of the one that I preached. It has
been revised for additional clarity.
This morning, we are talking about receiving and using our voice. As children, most of us began to babble about the time we were six months old. We said our first words between ten and 15 months. By the time we were 18 months old, most of us had picked up enough words to combine them into simple sentences. I am pretty sure I looked at my mother and said, “Mama, hungry!” My son looked at the big steak on my plate and the hot dog he was eating, and then he looked at me, held up a finger and said, “Daddy, share!” And my grandson looked at his mother and said, “Mama, phone!”
The power of speech is a wonderful thing, but the power of speech makes it very easy for us to sin. Let me give a simple example. Continue reading →
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Theology almost always begins with autobiography or history. It is one person, or, sometimes, a group of people trying to explain to others what it was like to encounter God. These encounters take different forms.
In Isaiah 43, the Prophet Isaiah remembers the history of Israel during the Exodus from Egypt, which had been handed down to him from the time of Moses. He remembers how the people were fleeing the slavery of Egypt, and how they were caught between the armies of Egypt which were right behind them and the Yom Suph which stretched out just before them. He remembers how the LORD made a path for the people through the mighty waters, and how, when the Egyptians tried to follow, the LORD “extinguished” the Pharoah’s army including all its chariots and horses and warriors as easily as a man might put out a candle.
In Psalm 126, the Psalmist remembers how, after the people of Israel had been living in the promised land of Zion for some time, an undescribed crisis arose, and the LORD saved them from their troubles and restored their fortunes. We don’t know what the crisis was—perhaps an epidemic, a famine, war, or the threat of war. The Psalmist says when deliverance came, “We were like people who dream.” It was a good dream, for the people laughed, and shouted with joy, and the nations around them took notice and said, “the LORD has done great things for them.” Continue reading →
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Psalm 32, 2 Corinthians 5:16-21, Luke 15:1-3, 11b-32
Definition: God’s righteousness consists in the promises God makes to us and keeps, in this world and the next. Our righteousness consists in the promises we make to God, to ourselves, and to one another, and keep, in this world. Eternity belongs to God by right; but not to us. Eternity is God’s gift to us.
In his novel, The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck traces the journey of an Oklahoma Dust Bowl family to California, which they regard as the Promised Land.
Tom Joad has just gotten out of prison, where he has been serving a sentence for manslaughter. Tom arrives home to find out that his family has lost their land and is about to embark on a journey to a new life. The traveling company includes three generations of Joads, Tom, who is breaking parole by going, his parents, his grandparents, his brothers, Floyd—and little Winfield, his sister, Rose of Sharron, her husband Connie, and a one-time preacher, a friend of the family, Jim Casey. They all join an exodus of “Oakies” following Route 66 west in hope of finding work in the fields and orchards of California. As the journey unfolds, the Joads make common cause with other families living at the margins, are courted by communist agitators, and find themselves constantly abused by unscrupulous farmers, bosses, and crooked lawmen, who serve not justice but the powers that be. Before the story is over, Tom’s grandparents die. The preacher is arrested and later killed. Both Floyd and Tom leave the family unjustly pursued by the law. Rose of Sharron’s husband Connie abandons her, and her baby dies. As the book draws to a close, the few remaining Joads have lost everything. They have taken shelter in an old barn. They are not alone. There is a dying man and his son. The boy pleads for his father’s life, saying, “He ain’t ‘et for six days. He gave me all the food. I didn’t know. I stole some bread last night, but he couldn’t keep it down. He needs milk. You folks got any milk?” In the final scene of the novel, in a supreme act of grace and humanity, Rose of Sharron nurses the dying man upon the milk that her baby will never need. Continue reading →
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Exodus 34:29-35, 2 Corinthians 3:12-4:2, Luke 9:28-36
This morning we are talking about two veils. Moses used one to cover his face, and Paul says that the same veil, or one very much like it, now covers the minds of many. Let me explain.
In Exodus 34, Moses came down from Mount Sinai, and the people of Israel were afraid to come near him, for Moses had been talking with God and his face shone with God’s glory. So, because the people were afraid, Moses covered his face with a veil. Thereafter, in the presence of the glory of the LORD, Moses removed the veil; but in the presence of the people, he put the veil on his face again. The text is clear: Moses covered his face so the people would not be frightened.
In 2nd Corinthians 5, St. Paul says something that the text of Exodus 34 does not. Paul says that Moses put a veil on his face in the presence of the people because he did not want them to see “the fading splendor,” (RSV) meaning the fading splendor of his face, and the fading splendor of the Mosaic dispensation or time. Paul used the story of Moses and the veil to explain why most of the people of Israel continued to reject Jesus. He says that when those who reject Jesus hear the Hebrew Bible read, the same veil that once covered the face of Moses now lies across their minds. Thus, for them, nothing has changed, and they read the Law as they have since the time of Moses. Paul says this will not change until the veil is lifted, and the veil will not be lifted until they turn to the Lord, for it is only the Spirit of the Lord who can remove the veil. Continue reading →
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